Academics
Middle School

Middle School Course Offerings

Curricular development and program integration are vital components of maintaining courses that challenge and prepare students for college and life. Each department at Mount Pisgah is led by a Department Chair who is responsible for maintaining and developing curriculum from kindergarten through 12th grade and assists in implementing best practices. Our courses of study reflect thoughtful design coupled with intentional implementation by faculty. 

5th Grade Curriculum

List of 6 items.

  • Math 5

    Instructional time should focus on three critical areas: (1) developing fluency with addition and subtraction of fractions, and developing an understanding of the multiplication of fractions and of the division of fractions in limited cases (unit fractions divided by whole numbers and whole numbers divided by unit fractions); (2) extending division to 2-digit divisors, integrating decimal fractions into the place value system and developing an understanding of operations with decimals to hundredths, and developing fluency with whole number and decimal operations; and (3) developing an understanding of volume. A priority is placed on conceptual understanding (comprehension of mathematical concepts, operations, and relations) and procedural fluency (skill in carrying out procedures flexibly, accurately, efficiently, and appropriately).
  • Reading

    Students focus on the development of cross-curricular reading comprehension. They learn to visualize, ask higher-level thinking questions, make inferences, determine main ideas, summarize,  synthesize, and make text-to-text, Biblical, and real-life connections. Reading activities include “read-alouds,” which expose students to high-level text and new vocabulary and explicitly teach comprehension strategies, independent daily reading, teacher/student conferencing, partner and small group discussions, graphic organizers, interactive journals, “Think Trix” questioning, and projects.
  • Writing

    The Collaborative Classroom:  Being a Writer curriculum drives the instruction in the class. The goal of the program is to develop writers and students who work together in caring and collaborative ways.  We will work together to build a writing community, look at what writers do to make their writing interesting, and draft a variety of pieces.  Students will repeatedly engage in the cycle of prewriting, drafting, revising, proofreading, and publishing. Our genre units include The Writing Community and Writing Process, Personal Narrative, Expository Nonfiction, and Opinion Writing.  Each unit immerses students in authentic writing by having them hear, read, and discuss exemplary examples of writing in each genre. Grammar skills are explicitly taught and integrated with every genre; each unit will include an emphasis on revision for the grammar concepts taught during the unit.
  • Bible

    5th Grade Bible:
    This course is an overview of scripture and will survey the Old Testament in the fall and New Testament in the spring. Students will read and interact daily with God’s Word, learning to identify and understand main characters, concepts, and themes. They will learn to dive in and examine details (what exactly is going on here?) as well as step back to consider the overarching significance of each passage (what does this say about God and his plan?) The narrative format of the class builds from creation and the chosen people of Israel to the grand climax of Christ’s coming to die and resurrect in order to save humanity. The course will conclude with practical application of how to live in light of this good news until Jesus returns. Throughout the course, students will have opportunities to consider and apply the truth of scripture to their own lives as they develop a faith walk of their own.
  • US History

    Students will continue their study of United States history and grow as informed citizens. Strands of history, geography, civics, and economics are integrated into every unit.  Students will be able to locate, analyze, and synthesize information related to social studies topics. They will apply information to solve problems and make decisions. We will use primary and secondary sources to view multiple perspectives in order to fully understand the motivation of people and events that have shaped our nation. Students will participate in a variety of research projects and will practice the writing skills necessary to write well-developed answers to constructed response-type questions. Students will also learn how to use maps to retrieve information and use a variety of sources to answer questions.
  • Discovering Science

    Fifth-grade science is a general science course where students will investigate Earth, Life, and Physical science concepts.  The course is designed to provide an engaging discovery experience as students explore the various aspects of these content strands. Students will be empowered to think critically and creatively while being encouraged to act with courage and compassion -- all for the purpose of equipping them to have a positive impact in our ever-changing world. The enduring understandings will be connected to God, Biblical Truths, and/or a larger Christian worldview.  Students will have opportunities to discover these concepts through hands-on, inquiry-based activities.

6th Grade Curriculum

List of 6 items.

  • Math 6

    This course meets and in many instances exceeds the standards set forth by national and state standards for the sixth-grade year. The sixth grade standards are arranged into units that will extend their knowledge and understanding of elementary topics into applicable skills as they transition into upper grades. The Standards for Mathematical Practice are a key component as they are applied in each course to equip students in making sense of problems and building a set of tools they can use in real-world situations. The elementary grades focused on concepts, skills, and problem solving related to addition and subtraction, multiplication and division of whole numbers, and fractions. In grade 6, the focus is on ratios and proportional relationships, and early algebraic expressions and equations.
  • Reading

    Sixth Grade Reading is an interactive process that involves thinking, questioning, discussing, rereading, and responding to texts. In Making Meaning lessons, carefully selected nonfiction and fiction read-aloud texts provide a platform for rich discussions as students encounter increasingly complex texts and build vocabulary. Lessons intentionally integrate academics with social skill development, creating an environment where students learn to collaborate, agree, and disagree respectfully and take responsibility for their own learning.
  • Writing

    Our 6th-grade writing curriculum follows Collaborative Classroom, a mentor text-based program that teaches the four main types of essays: personal narrative, fiction, informational, and argumentative.  The teacher acts as a facilitator of the Writing Community rather than a lecturer. Students meet together as a collaborative community, using peer editing and revising to enhance their own work, as well as the work of others.
  • Bible

    In this course, students will explore in an in-depth study on the life of Jesus Christ. The first half of the course will focus on a scriptural study of his nature and character, authority, ministry, and sacrificial atonement for the sins of humanity. This section of the course will culminate with an enrichment unit on C.S. Lewis’ The Lion, The Witch, and the Wardrobe to gain an allegorical sense of Christ’s atoning work on the cross. The second half of the course will consider how to respond to the good news of Jesus Christ, growing personally in discipleship. Students will learn basic Christian practices including methods for studying scripture, how to pray, and how to live in Christian community with one another.
     
  • Ancient World History

    Ancient world history provides students with a global perspective that evaluates connections and changes over time. The course examines the geographical, cultural, political, and socio-economic connections among the peoples of the ancient world. Moreover, the course emphasizes critical thinking, analytical skill development and a Christian worldview to help students contemplate complex concepts with a grounding in Christian faith and values.
  • Earth Science

    This year, we’ll be diving into the study of earth science. Science consists of a way of thinking and investigating, as well as a growing body of knowledge about the natural world. This course provides an engaging discovery experience as students explore the universe, bodies of water, weather, and geology. Students will be encouraged to consider all of this content in terms of the value beyond the classroom.

7th Grade Curriculum

List of 6 items.

  • Math 7, Pre-Algebra, Pre-Algebra Advanced

    Math 7
     
    This course covers the 7th-grade mathematics standards to continue the path that is started in kindergarten. There is a large emphasis on operations with rational numbers which will be continued throughout the year. Students will further develop their algebraic thinking skills through the solving of two-step equations and inequalities, explore theories of similarity through geometry, and determine relationships between numbers through ratios and rates, and make inferences about a population based on random sampling.
     
    Pre-Algebra
     
    This course uses a combination of 7th and 8th-grade mathematics standards after which students will be prepared to enter Algebra I. There is a large emphasis on operations with rational numbers which will be continued throughout the year. Students will further develop their algebraic thinking skills through the solving of multi-step equations and inequalities, explore theories of congruence and similarity through geometry, determine relationships between numbers with ratios and slope, and make
    inferences about a population based on random sampling.
     
    Pre-Algebra Advanced
     
    This course uses a combination of 7th and 8th-grade mathematics standards after which students will be prepared to enter Algebra I. There is a large emphasis on operations with rational numbers which will be continued throughout the year. Students will further develop their algebraic thinking skills through the solving of multi-step equations and inequalities, explore theories of congruence and similarity through geometry, determine relationships between numbers with ratios and slope, and make inferences about a population based on random sampling.
  • English Language Arts

    Students will explore and understand the past, present, and future through literature and writing in this course. By reading various genres of literature, students will broaden, relate to, and share each other’s perspectives. Genre units immerse students in grammar and writing by hearing, reading, and discussing exemplary writing examples in each genre. Writing instruction includes five recursive steps: prewriting, drafting, revising, proofreading, and completing the final draft for sharing with an audience. 
  • Modern World History

    Seventh-grade world history is a continuation of the sixth-grade curriculum. The course begins with an emphasis on both historical and geographical skill development. Using these skills, the course then focuses more intently on historical information from 1200–the 2000s. Skill development will continue to be interspersed with historical understanding for the entirety of the year and will be addressed using a global perspective that looks for and evaluates connections with different periods/regions and changes over time.
     
    Units will make connections to God, Biblical truths, and a larger Christian worldview. Students will be empowered to think critically and creatively while being encouraged to act with courage and compassion --all for the purpose of equipping them to have a positive impact in our ever-changing world. Technology will be infused throughout the curriculum. The safety of the student will be foremost in all instruction.
  • Life Science

  • World Language- Spanish 1A or Latin 1A

    Spanish 1A (7th grade):
     
    This course covers the first half of the Upper School Spanish 1 curriculum. Students will be able to talk about themselves, their families, their school, and their food. They will also learn about different Spanish-speaking peoples and cultures.

    Latin 1A (7th grade):
     
    In this first half of first-year Latin, we will introduce students to the framework of the Latin language. They will learn the basic structure of nouns and verbs and will acquire many new vocabulary words.  In addition to these grammatical and syntactical skills, the students will be exposed to many facets of Roman culture including mythology, geography, and some aspects of Roman entertainment such as chariot racing and gladiatorial fights. The students will also augment their knowledge of English by careful examination of Latin and Greek roots daily. This will lead to larger discussions of the application of Latin knowledge to modern topics such as anatomy, astronomy, and other scientific disciplines. This course covers lessons 1-10 in the textbook Jenney’s First Year Latin.
  • Bible - Wisdom

    In this course, students will learn what it means to search for truth in an ever-changing world.  The first half of the course is an exploration of the concept of “discernment,” and the second half is focused on “wisdom” and what it means to apply God’s ways in everyday life.  Throughout the course, students will have the opportunity to study in-depth the biblical characters of Esther and Solomon, complete an overview of the message of scripture, and be challenged to ask “what is the wise thing to do” in any given situation (from the “Ask It” sermon series by Andy Stanley).  To conclude the course, students will engage in a study of the historic Ten Boom Family via the novel The Hiding Place to analyze the costs and benefits of living out God’s wisdom in uncertain times.

8th Grade Curriculum

List of 6 items.

  • Math 8, Algebra I, Algebra I Advanced

    Math 8
     
    8th-grade mathematics is the last in a 9-year sequence of integrated mathematics courses focusing on a variety of mathematics topics. In Grade 8, instructional time should focus on three critical areas: (1) formulating and reasoning about expressions and equations, including modeling an association in bivariate data with a linear equation, and solving linear equations and systems of linear equations; (2) grasping the concept of a function and using functions to describe quantitative relationships; (3) analyzing two- and three-dimensional space and figures using distance, angle, similarity, and congruence, and understanding and applying the Pythagorean Theorem.

    Algebra I
     
    Algebra I is the first course in a sequence of three required courses designed to ensure career and college readiness. The fundamental purpose of Algebra I is to formalize and extend the mathematics that students learned in the earlier grades. Students will deepen and extend their understanding of functions and the relationships between quantities by comparing and contrasting linear and quadratic phenomena. The Mathematical Practice Standards apply throughout each unit and, together with the content standards, prescribe that students experience mathematics as a coherent, useful, and logical subject that makes use of their ability to make sense of problem situations.
     
    Algebra I Advanced
     
    Algebra I Advanced is the first course in a sequence of three required courses designed to ensure career and college readiness. The fundamental purpose of Algebra I is to formalize and extend the mathematics that students learned in the earlier grades. Students will deepen and extend their understanding of functions and the relationships between quantities by comparing and contrasting linear, quadratic, and exponential phenomena. The Mathematical Practice Standards apply throughout each unit and, together with the content standards, prescribe that students experience mathematics as a coherent, useful, and logical subject that makes use of their ability to make sense of problem situations.
  • English Language Arts

    This course combines reading and writing disciplines by emphasizing the importance of creating a community where students can learn and share. By reading units that include nonfiction and fiction texts, students learn comprehension and self-monitoring strategies that proficient readers use to make sense of texts. In the writing parts of each unit, the learning community is a space where students learn skills associated with the writing genre, revision, and grammar and where students have the opportunity to share their work. Students publish argumentative, narrative, and informative pieces throughout the year.
  • US History

    U.S. History is a required year-long survey course that focuses on major events in American History. Students will continue their study of United States history from the years past and grow as informed citizens.  Students will be able to locate, analyze, and synthesize information related to social studies topics.  They will apply information to solve problems and make decisions.  We will use primary and secondary sources to view multiple perspectives in order to fully understand the motivation of people and events that have shaped our nation.  Students will participate in a variety of research projects and will practice the writing skills necessary to write well-developed answers for constructed response-type questions.  Students will also learn how to use maps to retrieve information and use a variety of sources to answer questions. Thematically, students will analyze the growth of and challenges to freedom within the United States, the changing role of the United States in the world, and the evolution of American economic power.
  • Physical Science

    This course meets and in many instances exceeds the standards set forth by national and state standards for the sixth-grade year. The sixth grade standards are arranged into units that will extend their knowledge and understanding of elementary topics into applicable skills as they transition into upper grades. The Standards for Mathematical Practice are a key component as they are applied in each course to equip students in making sense of problems and building a set of tools they can use in real-world situations. The elementary grades focused on concepts, skills, and problem solving related to addition and subtraction, multiplication and division of whole numbers, and fractions. In grade 6, the focus is on ratios and proportional relationships, and early algebraic expressions and equations.
  • World Language - Spanish 1B or Latin 1B

    Spanish 1B (8th grade):
     
    This course covers the second half of the Upper School Spanish 1 curriculum. Students will be able to talk about their homes, sports, health and daily routines, travel, and shopping. They will also learn about different Spanish-speaking peoples and cultures. Students who successfully complete Spanish 1B will be promoted to Spanish 2 or Spanish 2 Honors as ninth graders.

    Latin 1B (8th grade):
     
    In the second half of first-year Latin, we will continue to hone skills related to Latin nouns and verbs, but add some aspects of adjectives, adverbs, and prepositions. There will be a variety of cultural lessons as well, ranging from Roman politics to religion to dining practices. The students will continue to augment their knowledge of English by careful examination of Latin and Greek roots daily. This course covers lessons 11-20 in the textbook Jenney’s First Year Latin.
  • Bible - Leadership

    This course begins with an introduction to the concept of “worldview” and a study of the Christian understanding of God.  Building on this foundation, the remainder of the course is structured as a survey of leadership traits that make up the kind of leader God calls us to be.  Students will study two traits at a time, using John Maxwell’s 21 Qualities of Leaders in the Bible to examine Biblical figures who displayed such traits, to discuss how those traits can be lived out in an ever-changing world, and to be challenged on how they can further develop their own leadership in those areas.  Students will learn about historical Christian leaders and watch films related to the leader or traits being studied.  Units will conclude with a project that analyzes the implementation of those traits in a real-life setting.  Throughout the course, students will build a portfolio of profile pages highlighting known or historical leaders.  The completed portfolio will serve as a culminating piece of what a well-rounded, godly leader looks like.

Minor Elective Examples

List of 1 items.

  • Minor Electives

    Piano, guitar, percussion
    Digital Art
    Improv
    PE
    Horticulture
    Chapel Team
    Chapel Band
    Math team
    *Not exhaustive, nor always offered

     

Major Elective Examples

List of 1 items.

  • Major Electives

    Chorus, orchestra, band
    Visual art
    Drama
    Citizenship
    Reading
    Robotics
    Broadcasting
    *Not exhaustive, nor always offered